A bony protrusion on the side of the big toe is referred to as a bunion. It occurs as a result of a misaligned joint in the big toe and will cause the toe to point out. It typically develops gradually and can be caused by wearing shoes that do not fit properly. These types of shoes include high heels, which may provide inadequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additional reasons why bunions develop include medical conditions such as arthritis, flat feet, or bone deformities. Symptoms of this condition consist of swelling, tenderness, and the affected area may feel stiff. Mild relief may be found while wearing wider shoes, and this may help to reduce friction between the bunion and the shoe. If you have a bunion, please consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat this condition.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions