Bunions are visible deformities located at the joint of the big toe and they can cause discomfort or pain. Bunions are either genetic or arthritic. Genetic bunions are hereditary, while arthritic bunions are caused by external factors. Examples of external factors are regularly wearing heels or experiencing an injury to the foot. Both types of bunions can vary in their size and degree of pain. The size of a bunion is not indicative of how much discomfort and pain it causes. It is possible for a large bunion to cause no pain, while a small bunion may result in extreme pain. The amount of pain a bunion causes also increases by the amount of pressure applied to the joint and how regularly you are on your feet. If you have a bunion and it concerns you, then it is recommended that you speak with a podiatrist to learn more about the condition.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about What Are Bunions?