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Monday, 24 September 2018 00:00

Causes for Blisters on the Feet

The majority of runners realize the negative impact blisters on the feet can have on their chosen sport of running. The small areas appearing on the toes, heel, or bottom of the foot filled with fluid may be susceptible to infection if not treated in a prompt fashion. Research has shown the cause of this condition may be from increased friction and pressure that are inflicted on the toes. There may be several reasons for this to occur including wearing shoes and socks that fit incorrectly or having the skin become too soft as a result of excess moisture,which may typically originate from sweat. It’s important to properly measure your feet for a correct fit, allowing a half size larger than your regular shoe to accommodate the swelling that incurs as running progresses. Additional causes for blisters to develop may be enduring extreme sunburn or frostbite. The body will naturally protect the affected skin by encasing it in a fluid based environment, while healing takes place. If you are afflicted with a blister on your foot, it’s advised to consult with a podiatrist to learn how to properly treat this condition.

Blisters may appear as a single bubble or in a cluster. They can cause a lot of pain and may be filled with pus, blood, or watery serum. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M of Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters are often the result of friction. This happens due to the constant rubbing from shoes, which can lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

Symptoms

(Blister symptoms may vary depending on what is causing them)

  • Bubble of skin filled with fluid
  • Redness
  • Moderate to severe pain
  • Itching

Prevention & Treatment

In order to prevent blisters, you should be sure to wear comfortable shoes with socks that cushion your feet and absorb sweat. Breaking a blister open may increase your chances of developing an infection. However, if your blister breaks, you should wash the area with soap and water immediately and then apply a bandage to the affected area. If your blisters cause severe pain it is important that you call your podiatrist right away.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Blisters
Monday, 17 September 2018 00:00

What is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Caused By?

If you experience discomfort and pain on the inside of your foot, you may have what is referred to as tarsal tunnel syndrome. This condition may also be called TTS, and may result from constant overuse of the ankle and foot. Activities that can cause this ailment to develop may include walking, exercising or running and can also occur from a serious injury. The surrounding area may become inflamed as a result of damaged nerves, which may have a negative impact in performing daily activities. Research has shown that early diagnosis and treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome may accelerate the healing process, which may typically begin with resting the foot. Severe cases of this condition may be treated with orthotics or physical therapy. It’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to ensure that a proper diagnosis is performed and the correct treatment options are discussed.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M of Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Research has shown the differences between walking and running shoes. If you should engage in daily or frequent running or walking practices, it’s beneficial to be educated on the right types of shoes for the right activity. There are different forms of running, including racing and long-distance, and it’s important to choose the correct shoe. Running shoes have more cushioning in the heel and toe areas because of the impact the feet have on the ground while performing most running movements. The opposite is true of many people who choose to walk, and will most often need less cushioning. Lighter weight shoes are beneficial for fitness walkers to wear, and this may protect the feet, while providing ample cushioning. If you would like additional information about the differences between running and walking shoes, it’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist.

For more information about walking shoes versus running shoes, consult with Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M from Florida. Dr. Klein can measure your feet to determine what your needs are and help you find an appropriate pair of footwear.

Foot Health: The Differences between Walking & Running Shoes

There are great ways to stay in shape: running and walking are two great exercises to a healthy lifestyle. It is important to know that running shoes and walking shoes are not interchangeable. There is a key difference on how the feet hit the ground when someone is running or walking. This is why one should be aware that a shoe is designed differently for each activity.

You may be asking yourself what the real differences are between walking and running shoes and the answers may shock you.

Differences

Walking doesn’t involve as much stress or impact on the feet as running does. However, this doesn’t mean that you should be any less prepared. When you’re walking, you land on your heels and have your foot roll forward. This rolling motion requires additional support to the feet.

Flexibility – Walking shoes are designed to have soft, flexible soles. This allows the walker to push off easily with each step.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Walking Shoes vs. Running Shoes
Tuesday, 04 September 2018 00:00

The Benefits of Pursuing a Podiatric Career

Podiatric medicine treats disorders of the ankles and feet. There are several conditions that fall under this category, including ingrown toenails, hammer toe, bunions and general foot pain. There are different types of physicians who may specialize in several types of podiatric medicine. Some may choose to develop custom made orthotics and braces and have more of an interest in surgical procedures, while others may prefer to treat patients who have diabetic feet and other related foot issues. Many podiatrists treat general conditions of the feet including athletes foot, cracked heels and toenail fungus. Research has shown that podiatry can be a rewarding form of medicine to practice. For those people who are interested in pursuing a career in this specific field of healing, it’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist for additional information.

If you are dealing with pain in your feet and ankles, you may want to seek help from a podiatrist. Feel free to contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M from Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Podiatrist?

A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine who diagnoses and treats conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg. Your podiatrist may specialize in a certain field such as sports medicine, wound care, pediatrics, and diabetic care. Podiatrists have the ability to become board certified through training, clinical experience, and then taking an exam.

What Do Podiatrists Do?

On a daily basis, a podiatrist may perform the following activities:

  • Diagnose foot ailments such as ulcers, tumors, fractures, etc.
  • Use innovative methods to treat conditions
  • Use corrective orthotics, casts, and strappings to correct deformities
  • Correct walking patterns and balance
  • Provide individual consultations to patients

It is very important that you take care of your feet. It’s easy to take having healthy feet for granted, however foot problems tend to be among the most common health conditions. Podiatrists can help diagnose and treat a variety of feet related conditions, so it is crucial that you visit one if you need assistance.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

 

Read more about What is a Podiatrist?
Monday, 27 August 2018 00:00

What Can I Do To Help My Flat Feet?

The middle part of the foot typically consists of a curved structure known as the arch. For patients who have flat feet, the arch is absent and the foot lies completely flat on the ground. In babies, the arches are not always visible and will become more apparent as the child ages. Certain people may experience pain in the feet and ankles as a result of having flat feet. Additionally, shoes may wear out faster than the average person, because of the inward rolling that may occur. The bones and muscles in the feet may become weaker as well, which may affect the overall health of the body. Research has shown there may be several causes of fallen arches, including rheumatoid arthritis, obesity, or muscle and nerve conditions such as cerebral palsy. Moderate relief may be found in wearing shoes that fit well and offer adequate support, in addition to performing mild stretching techniques that may aid in strengthening the muscles and surrounding ligaments and tendons. It’s strongly advised to consult with a podiatrist if you are afflicted with flat feet and would like additional information about treatment options.

Flatfoot

Flatfoot is a condition that occurs when the arches on the foot are flattened, which allows the soles of the feet to touch the floor. Flatfoot is a common condition and it is usually painless.

Throughout childhood, most people begin to develop arches in their feet, however, some do not. Those who do not develop arches are left with flatfoot. The pain associated with flat feet is usually at its worse when engaging in activity. Another symptom that may occur with those who have this condition is swelling along the inside of the ankle.

It is also possible to have flexible flatfoot. Flexible flatfoot occurs when the arch is visible while sitting or standing on the tiptoes, but it disappears when standing. People who have flexible flatfoot are often children and most outgrow it without any problems.

There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop flatfoot. Those who have diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of flatfoot development. Other factors include aging and obesity.

Diagnosis for flat feet is usually done by a series of tests by your podiatrist. Your podiatrist will typically try an x-ray, CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI on the feet. Treatment is usually not necessary for flat foot unless it causes pain. However, therapy is often used for those who experience pain in their flat feet. Some other suggested treatment options are arch supports, stretching exercises, and supportive shoes. 

Read more about Flat Feet
Monday, 20 August 2018 00:00

How Do Bunions Form?

When there are changes in the muscle structure, the big toe can become angled inwards toward the other toes. The result of this is called a bunion. Although bunions can be hereditary, a developing bunion can become worsened by poor-fitting shoes. Shoes that are either too high or too small can push the feet into awkward positions. If you are looking to avoid bunion development, you should wear shoes with a rounded toe and a wide foot. In the event that you have a severe bunion case, surgery may be required. If you are looking to treat your bunions, speak to your podiatrist for assistance.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M of Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Monday, 13 August 2018 00:00

What is the Cuboid Bone?

One of the seven tarsal bones that are located in the foot is known as the cuboid bone. If you incur an injury to the surrounding joints and ligaments, you may have what is referred to as cuboid syndrome. A common symptom of this condition may often be pain that is experienced in the middle of the foot or at the base of the toes. An injury that occurs suddenly may cause the bones in the center of the foot to dislocate, cuboid syndrome develops when these bones are out of alignment. Common symptoms may include swelling, increased pain in the foot while walking, and tenderness and sensitivity on the sole of the foot. Research has shown that many athletes may tend to suffer from this ailment and the condition may worsen as the pain is often ignored. Patients who walk inward may be more susceptible in developing cuboid syndrome, which may often be a result of the cuboid bone gradually shifting out of place. If you suffer from this condition, it’s advised to seek counsel with a podiatrist to obtain the proper treatment.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M from Florida. Dr. Klein will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Cuboid Syndrome
Monday, 06 August 2018 00:00

Potential Dangers of Diabetic Feet

Being aware of your feet is essential in managing diabetes. Many foot conditions can develop as a result of being diabetic, including bunions, corns, foot ulcers, and blisters. Possible nerve damage may occur as a result of elevated blood sugar levels, and this may encourage a condition that is referred to as diabetic neuropathy to develop. The symptoms of this ailment may include a loss of feeling in the feet, which may often lead to unnoticed cuts and bruises that may be present. Nerve damage may cause the feet to change shape, which indicates a different size shoe should be worn. If this is not adhered to, friction may cause unwanted foot conditions to develop. Cracked skin may often be a gateway for germs to enter the body, and this may be alleviated by utilizing a moisturizing cream or lotion. If you are diabetic, it’s vital to consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to learn about how to properly take care of your feet.

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M from Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Conditions

TV host Mario Lopez suffered a serious injury on the fourth of July. His snapchat update revealed that the actor ruptured his Achilles tendon. Along with the photo, Lopez wrote a caption that read, “Celebrating the 4th in the E.R...Tore my achilles sparring. Ugh.. So frustrated.” Three days later, he posted a picture of himself giving a thumbs-up after the success of his surgery. The recovery period for Lopez’s injury is expected to be approximately four to six months. Achilles tendon injuries affect the back of the lower leg. An overstretch of this tendon can either tear partially or completely. Many people who tear their Achilles tendons hear a popping sound after suffering the injury. If you are experiencing pain in your Achilles tendon, you should seek treatment from your podiatrist.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M of Florida. Dr. Klein can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
Monday, 23 July 2018 00:00

Can Diabetes Cause Wounds on the Feet?

If you have developed the condition known as diabetes, you may be susceptible to wounds that form on the feet. Abnormally high glucose levels may cause difficulty in healing, in addition to possibly causing poor circulation. This may lead to neuropathy, and these damaged nerves may cause a loss of feeling in the feet. If this should occur, the patient may be unable to determine the severity of any wounds that appear on the feet and may often go unnoticed. Ingrown toenails may lead to wounds on the feet as a result of the skin and surrounding area breaking down. There are several symptoms of diabetic wounds, including tenderness, inflammation, or a discharge coming from the affected area. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can properly assist you regarding any wounds on the feet.

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Dr. Ian Klein, D.P.M from Florida. Dr. Klein will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Saint Petersburg, FL.. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Wound Care
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